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all the butter to eat you with, my dear

Recipe: kouign amann

More snow in Nederland over the weekend meant more skiing – because you don’t pass up good snow and low winds around these parts. We did some ski touring Friday and Saturday, then caught lots of turns in 12 inches of fresh powder at our local hill Sunday. Normally we forgo weekend skiing at the resorts, but 12 inches of powder and calm winds is a major green light despite the crowds.

jeremy glides along the trail

new snow

a lone aspen

When I get home after an outdoor activity, I am hungry. That’s mostly because I don’t tend to eat much when I’m hiking, skiing, or whatever it is I’m doing in the backcountry. And I’m definitely hungrier in winter. The cold and wind can really suck the calories right out of you (which I think is great for my ass reduction plan). After our ski tour Saturday, I had an hour or more of prep before dinner would be ready, but we were really hungry right then. So Jeremy and I split a pastry – a kouign amann. It’s not that big, but it’s full of butter and caramelized sugar such that a little goes a long way.

all you need: water, flour, yeast, salt, butter, and sugar

I’ve been obsessed with kouign amann for a couple of years. I first picked one up at the Whole Foods bakery to share with Jeremy. The flaky pastry lures me in EVERY TIME. I took a bite and wondered where this kouign amann had been all my life. It quickly replaced the chocolate croissant as Jeremy’s pastry of choice. Each time I purchased one for him, I would think to myself, “You have got to be able to make this yourself.” Kouign amann is in essence, puff pastry dough made with lots of butter (obviously) and loads of sugar (woohoo!). It’s such a simple list of ingredients and yet the results are the stuff of dreams. The technique doesn’t require skill so much as patience and time – it takes time and makes a lot of layers through a series of folding and flattening and folding and flattening again.

dissolve the yeast in the water

stir in the flour and salt until you form a shaggy dough

knead the dough until smooth

cover and let rise until double in size

While the dough chills, pound the cold butter into a flat sheet. The butter needs to be cold or else it will absorb into the dough and you won’t get that nice flaky pastry. A sprinkle of flour on and under the butter keeps it from sticking to your work surface and your rolling pin (and trust me, it will stick). When the butter is a flat sheet, fold it in half. Then pound it some more and fold it in half again. You’ll do this flattening/folding a total of 4 or 5 times. Avoid handling the butter too much with your hands as you’ll melt it. If it sticks to the work surface or rolling pin, add a little more flour.

beating the cold butter down

folding the flattened butter

beating the butter flat again

let it chill on a baking sheet

You will want a large work surface that can accommodate more than 12 inches by 24 inches. When the dough is ready, roll it out to about 12 by 20 inches. It doesn’t have to be exact, nor does it have to be a precise rectangle. Just try to get it as close as you can. Place the butter in the center of the dough and fold the dough over the butter in thirds (like a letter).

roll out the dough

place the butter in the center

fold the dough in thirds over the butter

What you wind up doing is making “turns” with the dough. A turn is rolling the dough out and folding it in thirds. As you do this (four times in total), you are layering dough and butter thinner and thinner to make a sort of puff pastry. But you can’t do all of the turns at once because the friction of rolling the dough out warms the butter. Should the butter get too warm, it will begin to incorporate into the dough. We want to keep the butter and dough as distinct layers if possible. The recommendation is to refrigerate the dough after two turns, but if your work area is warm, you may want to refrigerate after each turn.

rolling out the dough (this time with butter in the center)


cover and refrigerate

After the first two turns the dough goes into the refrigerator to chill for 30 minutes. Refrigerating the dough for longer than 30 minutes could result in a brittle butter layer, which we don’t want. When the dough is chilled, remove it to your work surface and start with the shorter end of the rectangle closest to you. Roll it out as before, but this time you will sprinkle a lot of sugar over the dough. Use the rolling pin to press the sugar into the dough. A lot of sugar will still be loose. As you fold the dough in thirds, try to keep the sugar in an even distribution. The sugar will bunch together at the crease as you fold, so use your hand to brush it evenly across the base surface and place the folded layer on top. And yes, sugar will get everywhere.

always start rolling with a short open end toward you

sprinkle sugar over the dough

use a rolling pin to press the sugar into the dough

roll it out again for a second turn

The sugared dough chills for another 30 minutes before a final sprinkling of sugar. Then the dough is rolled into a long 8 inch by 24 inch strip. Cut the dough into 4-inch squares. I cut eight 4-inch squares and one 8-inch square because I wanted to try making a larger kouign amann with my 6-inch ring mold. The rest were stuffed into 3-inch ring molds or large muffin tins.

dust with sugar

roll the dough out one last time

cut into squares

The traditional method of baking kouign amann is in a ring mold with no bottom. You can also bake the pastries in large muffin tins. My large muffin tins had a similar capacity to the 3-inch ring molds – standard muffin pans would have been too small. Make sure to butter the insides of your ring molds or muffin tins to help the release of the pastries when they are done baking.

butter the insides of the ring molds

fold the corners of the dough square toward the center

stuff the dough into the ring molds

or muffin tins

It’s okay to squish the pastry into the mold or muffin tins, just don’t squish so hard that you smoosh the layers together. The pastries will rise quite a bit in the oven. Butter will definitely leak out from the bottoms of the ring molds and possibly over the tops of the muffin tins, so it’s best to set them on rimmed baking sheets to avoid smoking messes in your oven. Once the pastries are done (golden) remove them from the oven. Let them cool just enough so you don’t burn yourself on the caramelized sugar. Remove the kouign amann from the molds. If you let them cool completely in the molds or tins, the caramelized sugar becomes rock hard and you may not get the pastry out in one piece.


cooling on a rack

compare: muffin tin on the left, ring mold on the right

My first attempt was pretty successful. I think my layers could have been more distinct, but they were fluffy, flaky, buttery, melt-in-your-mouth tender. The caramelized sugar is the very best part. That’s why I prefer the ones baked in muffin tins as opposed to the ones baked in the ring molds. The muffin tins allow the caramelized sugar to pool at the bottom and form a chewy, sticky, almost crunchy base. Because the ring molds have no base, a good deal of the sugar flowed out onto the parchment and left the pastry with a less sugary and more dry base.

layers of buttery sweet goodness

my favorite part

Would I make these again? Absolutely. You can add chocolate, cinnamon, fruit, or nuts to your kouign amann. It’s not something I’d make everyday, but certainly worth the effort for a special occasion, gifting to someone, having guests over, or when I feel like baking a simple and elegant treat. While the larger kouign amann is nice to share, I prefer the individual pastries for the increased surface area of caramelized sugar. But really, they are all fantastic.

flowers of butter, sugar, and dough

Kouign Amann
[print recipe]
from David Lebovitz and The Kitchn

1 cup water, room temperature
2 tsps active dry yeast
2 3/4 cup all-purpose flour
1 tsp salt
8 oz. SALTED butter, cold
1 1/2 cup sugar
extra butter for greasing the molds or tins
extra sugar

Make the dough: Combine the water and yeast in a mixing bowl of a stand mixer (or a regular mixing bowl if you plan to knead by hand). Let the yeast stand for a few minutes to dissolve. Add 2 1/2 cups of flour and the salt. Stir together until the dough looks shaggy. Knead the dough on low speed with a dough hook for 3-4 minutes or knead by hand for 5-8 minutes until smooth and slightly tacky to the touch. Place the dough in a large bowl and cover with plastic wrap. Set in a warm place until the dough has doubled in size (about an hour). Chill the dough in the refrigerator for at least 30 minutes up to overnight.

Pound the butter: Sprinkle your work surface with a tablespoon or more of flour. Set the cold butter block on top. Sprinkle more flour over the butter. Begin gently tapping the top of the butter with your rolling pin (flour will fly around, you’ve been warned) until the flour begins to adhere to the butter. Using more force, pound the butter down into a flat sheet about 1/4-inch thick. Fold the butter in half (use a pastry scraper if it sticks to the work surface). Pound the butter flat again, sprinkling additional flour as necessary to prevent the butter from sticking. Fold the butter in half. Repeat pounding flat and folding 2-3 more times until the butter is supple and folds easily rather than breaking. After the last fold, pound the butter into a 6×10 inch rectangle (as best as you can get it). Set the butter on a baking sheet, cover with plastic, and refrigerate for 30 minutes.

Make the pastry: Remove the dough from the refrigerator and roll it out to a rectangle 12×20 inches. Set the chilled butter sheet in the center third of the dough. Fold one third of the dough over the butter and then fold the remaining third over the butter. Roll the dough out a little and fold in thirds again. Rolling the dough and folding it in thirds is called a turn. Rotate the dough so the shorter length of the rectangle is closest to you. Roll the dough to 12×20 inches and fold in thirds. Repeat the turn once more. Place the dough on a baking sheet and cover with plastic wrap. Refrigerate for 30 minutes.

Place the dough on your work surface with the shorter length closest to you. Roll the dough to 12×20 inches and sprinkle the dough with 3/4 cup sugar. Press the sugar into the dough with the rolling pin to help it stick. Fold the dough in thirds. Turn the shorter length closest to you again. Roll the dough to 12×20 inches and sprinkle with 3/4 cup sugar. Press the sugar into the dough again with the rolling pin. Fold the dough into thirds. Place the dough on a baking sheet and cover with plastic wrap. Refrigerate for 30 minutes.

Butter the insides of the pastry rings or muffin tins (I recommend using large muffin tins, not standard muffin tins). Arrange the rings on a parchment-lined rimmed baking sheet. Place the muffin tins on a rimmed baking sheet (to catch any spills).

Sprinkle the work surface with sugar and set the dough on top. Sprinkle more sugar on the dough and roll it out to 8×24 inches at about 1/4 inch thickness. Slice the dough into twelve 4×4 inch squares (or three 8×8 inch squares or however you want to do the math). Fold the corners of each square in toward the center and set pastry in a ring mold or muffin tin. It’s okay to squash it in a little. [At this point, you can cover the pastries and refrigerate them overnight. If you do this, let them come back to room temperature and let rise for an hours before baking.] Cover the pastries loosely with plastic wrap and let rise until slightly puffy (about 30-40 minutes).

Bake the pastry: Preheat oven to 400°F with the rack in the center. Place the muffin tin on a rimmed baking sheet to catch any drips. Place the pastries in the oven and immediately reduce the oven temperature to 350°F. Bake 40-45 minutes, rotating the pan halfway through baking. The pastries are done when the tops are deep golden and look as if they’re just beginning to burn. If making a larger kouign amann, give it a few more minutes to bake. Remove from oven and let the pastries cool slightly. Taking care not to burn your hands (I used oven mitts and a knife), loosen the pastries from the molds while the sugar is still hot and cool on a rack. Serve warm or at room temperature. These are best eaten fresh. Makes 12 3-inch pastries or 8 3-inch pastries and a 6-inch pastry. Store in airtight container for up to 2 days.

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31 nibbles at “all the butter to eat you with, my dear”

  1. Miss Food Fairy says:

    This kouign amann looks absolutely delicious! I just love your step by step pictures too – makes it easier for people like me who don’t do a lot of baking, thank you. I hope to try it when I have an afternoon free. Thanks for sharing & for the inspiration.

  2. Mags says:


    Just one thing: “2 tsps active dry years”, where can I get that ;) (I think you mean “yeast”, not “years”)

    Best wishes!

    Thanks for catching that! Fixed it! :) -jen

  3. Nina says:

    Bonjour Jen, I live in the home of Kouign Amann , the region of Brittany France ! It’s rich in Butter and that’s because this is also butter land here ! Once you’ve tried our salted butter , you’ll never want any other butter :) Anyway, your Kouign Amann looks lovely and decadent … to dream for ! Love your pictures and your mountain life too. Je vous embrasse.

  4. Kristin says:

    Wow. The one & only time I tried enveloping butter into dough, the butter wouldn’t budge & the dough tore all around it when I tried to roll. However, since this particular recipe comes from David L, has been tested by you, involves starting with the butter flattened instead of in a block, AND I have that very butter in my freezer, I think I will need to find a good day to give this a try! Thanks for inspiring me to try something I’ve been afraid to attempt.

  5. Ali says:

    I was wondering what to do with my life this week while Matt is gone. Problem solved. You’re so smart.

  6. Robert says:

    You had me at 8 oz of butter pounded flat!

  7. Emmy says:

    Oh my god, I just had one of these for the first time over the weekend! The bakery I went to (St. Honore in Portland, OR) sprinkles flaky fleur de sel on the caramelized bottom, for a little sweet/salty effect. So good!

  8. magpie says:

    wow. that looks fabulous. it seems a little like a palmier but with (i think) more sugar. anyway, something to try – soon!

  9. Andra says:

    Oh. My. Gosh.

  10. Allie says:

    This looks so good. I haven’t seen it yet at Whole Foods but I’m going to keep my eyes open… something about the way it folds is just incredible. Chocolate croissants are my #1 favorite treat of all time, so if Jeremy’s a convert…

  11. Stephen Andrew says:

    Also a pretty high bang for the buck. Quite the extravaganza eleganza for basic ingredients.

  12. Shikha @ Shikha la mode says:

    I am so, so, SO impressed that you made these. I love eating these but it seems like such a long process to make them!!

  13. Katrina @ Warm Vanilla Sugar says:

    These are gorgeous!! I love all the layers!

  14. Dina says:

    omg this looks wonderful. dominique ansel makes one and i’d love to try it!

  15. Pey-Lih says:

    OH YUMMMMMM!!!!!!!!!! I am in the middle of studying and this just sparked an midnight appetite.

  16. hilary says:

    I am so happy you have made these, I have battled with very varied success with this pastry for years, it is similar to Lardy Cake from my home country, UK (another challenge??) I do so enjoy your blog/photos and news of the dog.

  17. Liz Tsuji says:

    Dear Jen,
    I had this pastry a few times in Brittany a few years ago and it is amazing. Thank you so much for this recipe, daunting but doable. I had them in slices from a pie sized pastry – unforgettable treat!

  18. M. K. says:

    Those look absolutely divine though I, too, as Hilary mentions above have had “varied success” with this type of pastry in the past. “Speaking” of Kerrygold Butter, did you know that there’s a Butter Museum in Cork, Ireland…Wheee?! On a rainy Fall day whilst staying @ Ballymaloe I visited it (+ the Jameson Distrillery)…all-in-all, quite a lovely day!

  19. laura says:

    Jen, Your photography of the colorado scenery is exquisite.. and your culinary creations always make my mouth water. This is a great recipe challenge for a cold winter day at home. I will be adding kouign amann to my shopping list for my next visit to Whole Foods!!

  20. Abbe@This is How I Cook says:

    I am so afraid to try one of these, because I know I will love it. And then I will want another. And they just opened a Trader Joe’s less than 5 minutes from my house. And I hear they sell them in the frozen aisle. I’ve been avoiding the frozen aisle. And then I discovered how to make them in the Flour cookbook. And I’m avoiding that bookmarked page. And now you are throwing them out there. Is this a sign?

  21. Kate says:

    I will absolutely have to try your recipe. I’ve always filed kouign amann under the category of things it’s best to leave to the pros, but I’ve been in project mode lately (read: procrastination) and what better to tackle than this.

  22. jill says:

    I’m in love!!!!

    ps- these things you have to type to make sure you aren’t a robot are getting harder and harder! This is my third try.

  23. yams says:

    I was just thinking a few weeks ago that it would be super rad if you told us how to make this pastry, which happens to be my favorite. Mind reader!

  24. Eva @ Eva Bakes says:

    Beautiful! I totally need to make this.

  25. jenyu says:

    Nina – ahhh, I would very much like to try the butter in Brittany :) Thank you!

    Kristin – I was afraid for a long time too (well, afraid and I couldn’t find a recipe). It’s not as bad as all that and the results are fantastic!

    Ali – hi Ali! :)

    Emmy – right?!?! Totally hooked.

    magpie – I haven’t tried palmiers, but one day!

    Allie – I was surprised as these don’t have chocolate (but they could) and he is a chocolate fiend!

    Stephen – that’s how I felt. Love that kind of recipe!

    Shikha – it is. I’m trying to think of how to optimize/minimize the effort.

    hilary – well, now I have to look up lardy cake :)

    Liz – mmm, I think I need to goto Brittany and do some research.

    M.K. – what?!?! Another place to visit… a butter museum :)

    laura – you’re very sweet, thank you.

    Abbe – YES!

    Kate – it’s a good thing to try to make at least once.

    jill – oh, don’t get me started on captcha. I hate it!

    yams – ha ha :)

  26. Maggie says:

    My ass got two inches wider just READING this!

  27. Row says:

    I had my first kouign amann a couple of years ago on a trip to Chicago and fell in love. I couldn’t find any bakeries in my area that made it, so I was pretty bummed. Now I can make it and eat it all the time! Well, maybe some of the time. ;) Thank you for the recipe! :)

  28. Kouign Amann | Kouign Amann Recipe | Eat the Love says:

    […] Kouign Amann Recipe The Kitchn’s How to Make Kouign Amann at Home Use Real Butter’s Kouign Amann Pastry Recipe Desserts First Kouign Amann with Praline Noisette Joe Pastry’s Kouign Amann […]

  29. Crystal says:

    EVERY TIME I try to do this dough the butter goes EVERYWHERE. I even refrigerated it til it was a cold sheet and it started melting almost immediately. The dough ended up being a complete BUST and I had to toss it. I tried twice and both times the butter gets EVERYWHERE. How the heck do I get it like yours?! Also, you rolled it into an amazingly perfect rectangle (but I’m guessing practice makes perfect with that one!)

  30. jenyu says:

    Crystal – oh, I’m sorry hon! That can be really frustrating. I made this pastry in February in Colorado. My house is usually between 58 and 62 degrees in winter. I think that has a lot to do with it – the work environment probably needs to be pretty cool. It might help to chill your work surface (I dunno – put a bag of ice on it before you start working and then wipe down the condensation?). Also, what kind of butter are you using? I think higher quality butters won’t melt as quickly, but that may not be your issue here. Anyway, don’t toss the dough. Even if it isn’t perfect, I bet if you bake it up in a buttered pan with lots of sugar sprinkled on top it will still be super tasty. Good luck!!

  31. Kouign Amann | Keukenatelier says:

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